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CUSTOMS ISSUES AND HOW TO AVOID THEM

Numerous trips of businessmen to China are complicated by registration of the purchased cargo and necessary documents at customs. This procedure is stipulated by the customs legislation of the Russian Federation and the Chinese People's Republic. For everything to go correctly and without delay, entrepreneurs should know some nuances of the procedure or trust specialists from logistics companies.

  • CORRECT CARGO PACKAGING

    At the border, people pay attention to the appearance of goods packaging. It should be dry, durable and clean. Each type of goods has its own rules for its packaging. Failure to comply with these rules will cause the demand to re-pack the goods.

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  • AVAILABLE CARGO MARKING

    Characters, numbers, and symbols that contain the required product, recipient and vendor information must be present on the item. This is called marking. It will help recognize the weight and size of the product, its classification, as well as other information.

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  • COMPETENTLY COMPLETED INVOICE

    The document received when purchasing goods from a Chinese partner is called an invoice. If it is not properly completed, there may be problems at customs. It specifies the list of purchased goods, their characteristics, including their cost. The invoice must also contain the buyer's and seller's data.

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  • TIMELY PAYMENT OF DUTIES AND OTHER BILLS

    Sometimes the goods are delayed at the customs due to non-payment of necessary duties and other payment obligations (taxes, excises, etc.). Timely payment will significantly save the time of passing customs.

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DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR A BUSINESS TRIP

Pre-collection of documents is a solution to many problems. Some of them need to be prepared in Russia, others are to be processed with the supplier. The following documents are required for all types of cargo:

 

 

  • Contract with a Chinese partner. It is better that to draft it in the Chinese language.
  • Correctly completed invoice. It is necessary to carefully compare all data about the goods, so as not to have problems with customs officers.
  • Specification.
  • Description of the product in drawings/diagrams/photos/text.
  • Packing list.
  • Customs sheets.
  • Licenses/permits.
  • Certificates for products.

DOCUMENTS FOR CARGO TRANSPORTATION

IN ADDITION TO PERMITTING DOCUMENTS FOR THE EXPORT OF GOODS AND DESCRIPTION OF THE PRODUCT WITH CERTIFICATES AND LICENSES, IT IS NECESSARY TO PROVIDE THE DOCUMENTS ON THE DELIVERY METHOD OF PURCHASED PRODUCTS AND ITS ROUTE.

DELIVERY BY CAR

Cargo delivery by car must be confirmed by the document on the state registration of the car. Information on the number of places for the cargo, its code, weight, marking and packaging should be kept at hand. It is necessary to carry the data about the company-carrier (legal address and the correct name) and full data on the buyer and the seller. At the customs, one asks about the date and place of concluding the contract for the transportation of goods.

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DELIVERY BY RAILWAY

When delivering goods by railway it is necessary to specify departure stations in China and numbers of containers in which the cargo is located. All information is usually found in the rail waybill and other documents for the goods.

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DELIVERY BY SEA

Transportation of the purchased cargo by sea or by aircraft is accompanied by the same official documents.

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KNOWLEDGE OF CUSTOMS LAWS —
THE KEY TO THE RAPID PROCEDURE AT THE CUSTOMS

Customs legislation sometimes changes. People, who are engaged in logistics, monitor any nuances and react to them in time, preparing the necessary documents. Emergent entrepreneurs should carefully study all the necessary documents related to crossing the border by cargo so that the transaction is not overshadowed by long idling at the customs and large fines.

 

There can be many problems at the customs. To avoid this, it is better to contact people who have extensive experience in the preparation of such documents, cargo packaging and development of a competent route.

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